Solar Panels in Yard vs Roof

Deciding where to install your solar panels is crucial. Should they be on your roof or in your yard? Each option has its pros and cons, and your decision will depend on various factors such as your budget, space availability, and energy needs. Let’s dive into the details.

Solar Panels in Yard vs Roof

When it comes to mounting solar panels, there are two main options: roof mounts and ground mounts. Each has its unique benefits and drawbacks, depending on your situation. Understanding these differences can help you make an informed choice that best suits your needs.

Ground Mounted Solar Panels

Ground-mounted solar panels are installed on a rack structure that is secured to the ground. This type of installation offers several advantages:


  • Easy to Access: Ground-mounted systems are easy to access for maintenance, cleaning, and troubleshooting. You don’t need to climb onto your roof, making it safer and more convenient.
  • Optimal Orientation: You can position ground-mounted panels to face the optimal direction for maximum sunlight exposure, enhancing energy production.
  • Cooler Panel Temperatures: Ground-mounted panels stay cooler due to better airflow, resulting in higher efficiency and energy output.
  • Expandable: If you have enough yard space, you can easily expand your solar array in the future to meet growing energy needs.
  • No Roof Interference: Ground-mounted panels don’t interfere with your roof, avoiding potential issues with roof leaks or the need to remove panels for roof repairs.


  • Higher Installation Cost: Ground-mounted systems are typically more expensive to install because they require more materials and labor.
  • More Permitting: The permitting process for ground-mounted systems can be more complex and costly compared to roof-mounted systems.
  • Space Usage: Ground-mounted panels take up yard space, which might be a drawback if you have limited land or prefer to use your yard for other activities.
  • Visual Impact: Some people find ground-mounted systems less aesthetically pleasing compared to roof-mounted systems.

Roof Mounted Solar Panels

Roof-mounted solar panels are attached directly to the roof of your home or building. This type of installation is common in residential settings for several reasons:


  • Cost-Effective: Roof-mounted systems are generally less expensive to install because they use the existing roof structure, reducing the need for additional materials and labor.
  • Space Efficient: Roof-mounted panels utilize unused roof space, preserving your yard for other uses.
  • Easier Permitting: The permitting process for roof-mounted systems is usually simpler and faster compared to ground-mounted systems.
  • Added Roof Protection: Solar panels can provide an additional layer of protection for your roof, shielding it from the elements.


  • Accessibility Issues: Roof-mounted systems are harder to access for maintenance and repairs, especially if your roof is steep or slippery.
  • Heat Build-Up: Roof-mounted panels can get hotter than ground-mounted panels, reducing their efficiency.
  • Space Constraints: The size of your roof may limit the number of panels you can install, potentially restricting your system’s capacity.
  • Potential for Roof Damage: Installing panels on your roof involves drilling holes, which could lead to leaks or other damage over time.
  • Roof Replacement Hassles: If you need to replace your roof, you’ll have to remove and reinstall the solar panels, adding to the complexity and cost.

Why Go Ground Mount?

Perfect Alignment: Ground-mounted systems offer flexibility in positioning, allowing you to angle the panels for optimal sunlight exposure. This flexibility maximizes energy production, especially if your roof’s orientation isn’t ideal.

Improved Cooling: Elevated panels allow for better airflow, keeping them cooler and more efficient. Cooler panels produce more energy, especially in hot climates.

Expansion Potential: With a ground-mount system, you can easily expand your array if you need more power in the future. This is particularly beneficial if your energy needs increase over time.

Why Go Roof Mount?

Space Efficiency: Roof-mounted panels make use of existing roof space, saving your yard for other purposes. This is ideal for properties with limited yard space.

Lower Installation Costs: Roof-mounted systems require fewer materials and less labor, making them more affordable upfront. This can be a significant factor if you’re on a tight budget.

Reduced Shading: Placing panels on the roof can minimize shading from trees and buildings, which can improve the system’s overall efficiency.

Comparison Table

Aspect Ground Mount Roof Mount
Installation Cost Higher Lower
Maintenance Easier Harder
Energy Efficiency Higher Lower
Space Usage Takes up yard space Uses roof space
Expansion Potential Easier Limited


Choosing between ground-mounted and roof-mounted solar panels depends on your space, budget, and energy needs. Ground mounts offer better efficiency and easier maintenance, but they are more expensive and take up yard space. Roof mounts are cheaper and save space but can be harder to maintain and less efficient. Assess your priorities to make the best decision for your solar installation.


1. Are solar panels better on the ground or roof?

Although roof-mounted systems are typically more popular in residential areas, ground-mounted solar systems have one large advantage over a rooftop system: They offer the best control over your array’s direction and angle. Like roof mount systems, ground mounts use 60-cell solar panels.

2. Can solar panels be installed in the yard?

Fixed ground-mounted solar panels can be installed directly in your yard, usually in a flat and level position. They are typically attached to a metal frame that is anchored into the ground to provide stability.

3. Which way is best for solar panels?

With a south-facing roof, your solar panels will produce the greatest amount of energy overall, but east or west-facing roofs can also work well and will produce energy for a large portion of the day.

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